Ancient Science


About Ancient Science

Ancient Science (AS) is an open access, peer-reviewed international journal that will consider original scientific research articles, opinion letters, short communications, mini reviews and reviews on ancient science from all around the world (e.g., Indian, Chinese, Egyptian, South American, etc.). This includes, but is not limited to, research that was part of Nalanda and Taxila, the earliest known universities in the world. Research may include ancient evolution theory, ancient mathematics and physics, astronomy and astrophysics, alchemy and metallurgy, biomedical sciences, natural sciences, social and economic fields, architecture, traditional medicine therapies, consciousness, scientific anomalies, alternative energy (Prana and Chakra energy, Yoga, Kundalini and Transcendental meditation etc.), alternative scientific hypotheses (paradigm shifts), and many other subjects that would be of special interest and value from the various ancient civilizations. In addition to publishing research, Ancient Science also seeks to promote a better understanding of the ancient cultures and the wonderful contributions they have made to modern science, medicine, and technology. Manuscripts must be original and of interest to an international audience. The main goal of Ancient Science is to promote the approximately 5000 year old, ancient Indian technology and culture. However, we welcome relevant peer-reviewed fundamental research information, based on scientific evidence, from around the world.


Latest Issue Online

Volume 6, Issue 1 is now available.

A Special Invitation for Sponsorship

Ancient Science seeks organizations interested in supporting unbiased research and educational practices. Learn more about opportunities to align your organization with this important initiative.


Association of Ayurvedic Professionals of North America, World Institute for Scientific Exploration, SKY and Amrityoga

Sponsors of Ancient Science will help advance topics and debates that address the most critical issue associated with continuing education in the healthcare field. A relationship with Ancient Science positions sponsoring organizations as champions of unbiased research and educational practice among this discerning audience.

Please contact admin, with any inquiries regarding sponsorship opportunities at


Author Guidelines

Overview of manuscript submission process

Here are the brief outlines of the manuscript submission process for VRI Press journals.

  1. Prepare a cover letter briefly describing the significance of the work.
  2. Prepare manuscript text in Microsoft Word.
  3. Acceptable figure formats are TIFF, high quality JPEGs, EPS files.
  4. The figures should be sent to us as single PDF or PPT file.
  5. Supplemental data files (which includes text and figures) should be submitted as separate single word or PDF file.
  6. Upload the main manuscript file, supplemental data files and the cover letter                                                                 
  7. All the manuscript must be formatted according to the VRI Press journal guidelines.
  8. If your manuscript is accepted for publication in VRI Press journals, you will be receiving an email to follow instructions to submit final edited and page-proof versions
  9. All authors on the manuscript or research article are responsible for the scientific content and obtain consent before publishing.

Preparing your Manuscript

We encourage all authors to submit original manuscripts which are not previously published and not under consideration for publication elsewhere. Mini Reviews, Reviews, Opinion Letters, Brief Reports, Research Articles and Manuscripts must be written in English, Authors from non English speaking countries can take help from the certified professional editors within their campus/institution/university to avoid grammatical errors and typos before submitting the manuscript.

Copyright and consent from co-authors

All authors must agree and approve the submission of the final version of the manuscript. After acceptance of manuscript, Corresponding author(s) must sign the copyright to the VRI Press journals.

VRI Press journal article types

VRI Press journals publish several types of articles from regular research papers, short communications, mini reviews, reviews, brief letters, opinion letters and case reports.

Reports, Letters and Short communications must be submitted with 3 to 4 pages inkling figures and / or tables, excluding references. Authors need to describe the significance of work in their summary/abstract. Introduction, methods, results and discussion sections should be precise. We encourage authors to avoid speculations and focus on their scientific data to describe in results and conclusions sections. 

Publication charges

VRI Press journals announce member publication fees, if you become a member of VRI Press journals, you will be receiving major concessions on page chargers:                                                             

Publication fee
Author Fee: 75 USD per article (which includes color figures)
Schematics, Color Figures and Tables: Free of charge.

Criteria for the preparation color figures: We encourage authors to use color figures where they will enhance the presentation of the data. Any figure submitted in color will be reviewed and processed with the understanding that the figure will be published in color.

If you want to withdraw manuscript after reviewed, there will be 25 USD withdraw fee for each manuscript.

Reprints: A high quality copy of the final original published manuscript will be sent to corresponding author via email.

Manuscript Page Specifications

Authors should use 8.5 / 11-inch paper size, the text should be typed in double space throughout. The text should be submitted as single column format with 1 inch space on left and right column and 0.5 inches spacing between columns, from title, summary/abstract, introduction, methods, results, figure legends and discussion. All pages in the manuscripts and figures should be numbered appropriately (Typical Research Article should be below specifications). 

Manuscript Title

The title of the manuscript should be short and intelligible to the readers and should convey your essential meaning of the data presented in the manuscript. Which should not exceed 100 characters.


Authors should provide their complete names, affiliations and also specify corresponding author/s on the manuscript such as author’s name, phone and fax numbers, and current e-mail address.


Authors should describe the significance of the findings reported in the manuscript clearly and concisely in the summary or abstract. Abstracts can have one or two references relevant to a scientific question. The summary or abstract should not exceed 250 words.


You must mention at least five keywords and not more than eight key words


The purpose of introduction should be extensive review of the literature and authors should include the purpose of the study, specifying the relationship of the literature to the relevance of the questions addressed in the manuscript.


The methods section should be clearly written with all the details to allow researchers to replicate the experiments. Well established procedures or methods should be referenced and mention the modifications made in the procedures. Experiments should be performed with relevant positive and negative controls to compare the data. Mathematical, statistical and chemical formulae, chemical and biochemical structures as well as schematic of methods and procedures must be provided with details.


Results should be presented in text along with figures, graphs, tables with the schematic hypothesis based on the data.


Conclusions should be focused on the interpretation of results written briefly with a maximum of on single page.


Citations can include, books/chapters, reviews, reports, opinions and letters published in any scientific journals. These should be numbered, and journals were abbreviated as published with legibly written with details like title, volume, page number and year.

Follow the journal citation style of “Current Opinion in Immunology” if you use any type of reference managers like “Endnote”

Important: Inside text must be use numbers as "[1]" and so on.

Reference Examples:

  1. Koduru S, Wong E, Strowig T, Sundaram R, Zhang L, Strout MP, Flavell RA, Schatz DG, Dhodapkar KM, Dhodapkar MV: Dendritic cell-mediated activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID)-dependent induction of genomic instability in human myeloma. Blood2012, 119:2302-2309.


Book Chapter:

2. Billoski TV: Introduction to Paleontology edn 6th. New York: Institutional Press; 1992.

3. Schwartz MT, Billoski TV: Greenhouse hypothesis: effect on dinosaur extinction. In Extinction. Edited by Jones BT, Lovecraft NV: Barnes and Ellis; 1990:175-189.

Conference Proceedings:

4. Magott J, Skudlarski K: Combining Generalized Stochastic Petri Nets and PERT Networks For The Performance Evaluation Of Concurrent Processes. Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Petri Nets and Performance Models, December 11-13, IEEE Xplore Press, Japan, 1989: pp: 249-256.

Website Citation:

5. UNEP: Cleaner Production Assessment in Industries. Production and Consumption Branch. United Nations Environment Program, 2012. (Accessed on February 13, 2011).


Authors must define biochemical abbreviations in parenthesis first used in the text. Common biochemical abbreviations such as AChE, GAPDH, ADP, ATP, NAD, NADH, RNA, DNA need not be defined. Any such abbreviation/s which is/are not common, authors has to mention clearly when they are first used in the manuscript.


We suggest authors to make figures in RGB color mode, with high resolution using minimum of 300 dpi (dots per inch). If the figure contains multiple panels, they need to be annotated as Figure 1A, B, C, D, E and so on. Assemble single figure as one montage. Figure dimensions need to be specific with minimum of 3 X 3 inches to maximum of 6 X 6 inches. Any modifications such as brightness/contrast, or gamma corrections (with not less or more than 1) should be applied to the whole figure to get a uniform appearance.

Tables and Graphs

The line graphs and tables should be made with appropriate size, with the unit measurements must be mentioned near x or y-axes. The line should be 2 px thick and all letters should be minimum of 6 point size. Authors can use colors while making graphs and shade to express the % of expression in graphs and tables.

Data and Movie slides

We encourage authors to upload movies of appropriate files of protein 3D maps of protein / or biochemical data structures, microarray and NGS, RNA-seq data in movies or 3D slides in avi, ppt, tiff and docx files.

Supplementary files

Additional data will be reviewed thoroughly and considered as a part of the original manuscript as supporting information. The supplemental data should be submitted with the original manuscript with the following information: manuscript title, names of the authors with correspondence information which might include text, data, graphs, tables, figure legends and references and should be as a single PDF file.

Mini Reviews and Reviews

Must have Title, authors, affiliation, abstract, key words, Introduction and so on. Mini Reviews must be Less than 3500 words and full review must be more than 3500 words without references.

Reports, case reports, brief letters, short communications

Must have Title, authors, affiliation, abstract, key words, and body text with any headers. Must be less than 4000 words except references. 

Editorial Team

Managing Editor

  • Dr Srinivas V Koduru, Founder, CEO and Managing Editor, VRI Press, Vedic Research Inc. Seaford, NY 11783, United States



  • Dr. Hans Chaudhry, Department of Biomedical Engineering New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102, United States
  • Dr. John Reed, President, World Institute for Scientific Exploration (WISE) 4401 Roland Avenue, Suite 405, Baltimore, MD 21210, United States
  • Dr. Ganapathy Subramanium, Quantum Functional Semiconductor Research Center(QSRC), Nano Information Technology Academy(NITA), Dongguk university,, Korea, Republic of
  • Dr. Sudhakar Bellukutty, Department of Management Studies Manipal University – Dubai Campus G-04, Dubai International Academic City, P.O. Box No. 345050 Dubai,, United Arab Emirates
  • Dr. S Letchoumanane, Director, Tamilnadu Agriculture University,Coimbatore, India Director, Research and Development Temple of Consciousness, Aliyar - 642101, Pollachi TK Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu India, India
  • Dr. NA Perumal, Director - General VISION for Wisdom, Temple of Consciousness Arut perum jothi Nagar, Aliyar – 642 101. Pollachi(T.K), Coimbatore (Dist.), India

Associate Editors

  • Dr. HS Ganapathy, Priority organization for innovation and excellence, Kumamoto university 2-39-1, kurokami, Kumamoto, Japan
  • Dr. Pushpa Kumar Lakshmanan, Faculty Associate, The Berkman Center for Internet and Society Harvard Law School, Harvard University, MA,, United States
  • Dr. Fatma Vatansever, Wellman Center for Photmedicine, Massacussets General Hospital Harvard Medical School, United States
  • Mariyappan Shanmugam, College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering State University of New York Albany, NY-12203, United States

Vol 6, No 1 (2019): March 2019

Table of Contents

Opinion Letters

The Importance of Shunya (zero) in Human Life PDF PDF Plus
Jagdish Kohli PP:1-3
Value-Added Education for Youth During the Summer PDF PDF Plus
Rhitishah Yuva Raju pp: 4-5

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